Periodontology is the field of dentistry that studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illnesses and conditions that affect the tissues that support dental organs (gum, periodontal ligament, root cement and the alveolar bone) and the implanted replacements, in order to maintain health, functioning and the appearance of teeth and their adjacent tissues.
What are the most common diseases?
The main periodontal diseases that affect teeth are periodontitis and gingivitis.
Now, with the emergence of implantology, periodontology is also responsible for preventing and treating peri-implant diseases such as peri-implantitis.
How does it manifest itself?
Periodontal disease manifests itself in the form of gingivitis (inflammation and bleeding of the gum without affecting the bone) or periodontitis which involves the destruction of the bone supporting the tooth. If it is not treated in time it may result in the loss of teeth.
What is the solution?
Periodontal treatment consists of everything from correcting hygiene techniques to control of bacterial plaque, to removing the trigger factors (calculus or plaque and periodontal pockets) and periodontal surgery procedures.